© Copyright 2017-2021 The Female Factory Online

The Female Factory Online is a public history project that centralises, for the first time, the fragmentary and dispersed data relating to the Parramatta Female Factory in one browseable and searchable open-access database. As such, this project is an original model and is the intellectual property of founder and owner, Dr. Michaela Ann Cameron, who asserts copyright in it.


The Female Factory Online is not the copyright holder of the primary sources cited in the making of this website. Those sources have been republished here following a copyright assessment. If you wish to re-use this content you need to undertake your own copyright assessment and/or contact the listed provider of the original source. [Note: you will find active links to the original source/s at the bottom of every page]


Dr. Cameron asserts copyright in all transcriptions of primary source material, including those entries assisted by interns, as these were transcribed a second time by Dr. Cameron for accuracy prior to publication. All transcriptions were carried out voluntarily and are supplied in this non-commercial, open access arena for personal research purposes only. You cannot reproduce, publish or store any individual transcription entry or, indeed, multiple entries in bulk on any other website or other form of repository, nor can you do this for the profiles that have been researched and created by Dr. Michaela Ann Cameron for this website. Such unlicensed uses are in serious violation of copyright. If in doubt about your intended use, direct enquiries to the copyright holder and only proceed after obtaining a license in writing. Please contact for all permissions enquiries.

The FFO has also been granted permission to use pictorial images from the relevant agencies.

Regarding secondary sources, the FFO has received permission from the individual contributors via author agreements to publish biographical content on this website. However, as editor, Dr. Michaela Ann Cameron asserts copyright in the edited versions of those published essays contributed by authors.

Except as permitted by the copyright law applicable to you, you may not reproduce or communicate any of the content on this website, including files downloadable from this website, without the permission of the copyright owner/s.

The Australian Copyright Act allows certain uses of content from the internet without the copyright owner’s permission. This includes uses by educational institutions and by Commonwealth and State governments, provided fair compensation is paid. For more information, see and

The FFO may change these terms of use from time to time. Check before re-using any content from this website.