Mary Ann Smith

MARY ANN SMITH was a convict woman who was tried and convicted at Northumberland (Town of Newcastle upon Tyne) Quarter Sessions on 11 July 1821 and sentenced to seven years transportation per Mary Anne I (2) (1822). In the colony she was repeatedly incarcerated at the Parramatta Female Factory.


  • Alternate: MARY ANNE SMITH


  • Tried and convicted: 11 July 1821, Northumberland Quarter Sessions, England
  • Sentenced to seven years transportation
  • Sailed to the colony of New South Wales per Mary Anne I (2): 25 December 1821, Portsmouth, England
  • Arrived in Van Diemen’s Land where 45 of her fellow female convicts were landed before continuing on to Port Jackson: 2 May 1822,
  • One of 62 of the female convicts still on board Mary Anne I (2) who arrived in the colony of New South Wales : 20 May 1822, Port Jackson, New South Wales
  • Assigned from the Factory: c. 13 January 1826, Parramatta Female Factory
  • Committed to gaol for “Escaping the Guard of the Coach after being assigned from the Factory”: 13 January 1826, Sydney Gaol, New South Wales
  • Sent to the Parramatta Female Factory: 14 January 1826, Third Class, Parramatta Female Factory

Law Reports


WHEREAS, MARY ANN SMITH, of the annexed Description, upon being assigned to Service in Sydney, on the 9th Instant, escaped from the Guard of the Coach when taking her to Cockle Bay. This is to give Notice, that a REWARD of EIGHT DOLLARS will (independent of what Government allows) be paid to any Person who may apprehend and lodge in Custody the said Runaway.

Mr DUNN, Chief Constable may be referred to.

MARY ANN SMITH, per Mary Ann, 27, London, 5 feet, 1 one-half inches, dark eyes, black hair, pockpitted complexion.

See Original: “Classified Advertising,” Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW: 1803 – 1842), Thursday 29 December 1825, p. 3

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MARY ANNE SMITH, prisoner of the crown, who had escaped from the Guard of the Mail Coach, whilst he was conducting her on the 5th of December last, on his arrival at Sydney, to the service she had been assigned to from the factory at Parramatta; ordered to the 3d class of prisoners at the factory.

See Original:THE POLICE,” Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW: 1803 – 1842), Thursday 19 January 1826, p.3

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MARY ANN SMITH, and JOHANNA LAWSON, two inmates of the Factory, were sentenced to be confined in a cell for one week, for escaping over the Factory wall.

See Original:Police Reports. SYDNEY,” Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW: 1803 – 1842), Saturday 23 September 1826, p.3

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MARY ANN SMITH appeared before their Worships, to answer the complaint of her husband, who had been captivated about 5 years ago with her syren graces, when it was agreed upon by both parties that they should become one flesh. A few short hours had winged their cheerless flight, when, in place of honey the hapless husband found that his was to be moon of gall, and he might well have exclaimed,

“Your temper is changed from serene to perverse,

Your tongue from endearment to clatter;

I took you for better as well as for worse,

But find you are wholly the latter.”

And so it was with Madame Molly. She fisticuffed and broomsticked her spousey with an Amazonian fury and ability, and finally cohabited with any mortal that came in her way. This was not to be borne with by her already suffering husband, for which cause he craved the interference of the Bench. This, however, could not be granted, as the woman was free, but the parties were recommended to live separate, which advice seemed to be relished by both, so they departed.

See Original: “Police Reports. SYDNEY,” Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW: 1803 – 1842), Thursday 1 March 1827, p.2

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According to a lengthy article entitled “Mysterious Murder” on 14 December 1831, for a while Mary Ann Smith’s husband thought she had met a very bad end at the bottom of a well. ANNE DARBY, another Female Factory inmate, also appears in the article along with some other former Factory girls. Read the full article here >>

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WEDNESDAY. — MARY ANN SMITH, with a very disordered box o’ dominoes, was charged with drunkenness the previous evening; the constable who took her in charge hinted that she was solacing a black man with her caresses, “oh fie, Mary,” said the Bench, “what, a blackamoor?” “oh! by the holy rood,” replied Mary, “where’s my John;” JOHN advanced, a staid demure man in his way, who declared he did not credit the aspersition thrown on his rib, all he knew of her was good, “go home” said the Bench, “and go to bed,” for both parties appeared much flustered.

See Original:POLICE INCIDENTS,” Sydney Herald (NSW: 1831 – 1842), Monday 16 April 1832, p. 2


  • New South Wales Government, Entrance books [Sydney Gaol], Series: 2514, Reel: 851, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).


# Convict

# Punishment: Seven Years Transportation

# Ship: Mary Anne I (2) (1822)

# Parramatta Female Factory

# Repeat Offender

# Year: 1826