Margaret Palmer (1784–)

MARGARET PALMER was a convict who was tried and convicted at the Old Bailey, London on 16 September 1812 and sentenced to death. On 9 December 1812 her sentence was commuted to transportation for life per Wanstead (1814). On arrival in the colony, she was sent to the first Parramatta Female Factory, i.e. the Factory Above the Gaol, which was located at present-day Prince Alfred Square, Parramatta, including land now occupied by the Riverside Theatres.


  • Alternate: MARY PALMER (c.f. copies of letters sent within colony)


  • Born:
  • Married JOHN PALMER.
  • Tried and convicted: 16 September 1812, Old Bailey, London, England
  • Sentenced to death: 16 September 1812, Old Bailey, London, England
  • Death sentence commuted to transportation for life: 9 December 1812, Old Bailey, London, England
  • Sailed to the colony of New South Wales per Wanstead: 24 August 1813, Spithead, England
  • Arrived in the colony of New South Wales per Wanstead: 9 January 1814, Port Jackson, New South Wales
  • Forwarded to the first Parramatta Female Factory, the Factory Above the Gaol: 13 January 1814, Factory Above the Gaol, (present-day Prince Alfred Square, Parramatta)


  • Wife of JOHN PALMER
  • Partner in crime: MARY TURNER
  • Partner in crime: SARAH SWAN

Law Reports


Factory Above the Gaol, First Parramatta Female Factory, Parramatta, 1809, early nineteenth century, New South Wales, Female Factory Online, Prince Alfred Square
CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE. The Factory Above the Gaol, Parramatta’s first Female Factory, is on the far right of this image near the old gaol bridge, on the present-day site of Lennox Bridge, Riverside Theatres and Prince Alfred Square. “A view of part of Parramatta Port Jackson, [1809?],” in Series 01: Australian paintings by J.W. Lewin, G.P. Harris, G.W. Evans and others, 1796-1809 [32 watercolours], Vol. 3. Courtesy of Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales. PXD 388 / FL1152086.



# Convict

# Trial Place: Old Bailey

# Sentence: Death (commuted)

# Punishment Transportation for Life

# Ship: Wanstead (1814)

# Factory Above the Gaol

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