Johanna Lawson (1805–)

JOHANNA LAWSON was a convict woman tried and convicted at the Old Bailey and transported for seven years per Grenada (3) (1825). In the colony, she was incarcerated repeatedly in the Parramatta Female Factory. She had three years added to her original sentence for a robbery committed in Sydney.


Names

  • Alternate: HANNAH LAWSON (c.f. convict permission to marry)
  • Married name: JOHANNA COX
  • Married name: JOHANNA HOLLINGSWORTH

Timeline

  • Born: c. 1804, London, England
  • Tried and convicted for shoplifting an opera glass and other items: 3 December 1823, Old Bailey, London, England
  • Sailed to the colony of New South Wales per Grenada (3): 2 October 1824, London, England
  • Arrived in the colony of New South Wales per Grenada (3): 23 January 1825, Port Jackson, New South Wales
  • Escaped from the Parramatta Female Factory: c. 26 April 1826
  • Committed to Sydney Gaol “for stealing a Musket” and sentenced to “3 years in addition to original sentence and to be sent to the Factory”: Sydney Gaol, 28 April 1826
  • Transferred from Sydney Gaol to Parramatta Female Factory: 13 May 1826
  • Sought and received permission to marry Old Bailey convict DANIEL COX: 19 July 1826, Parramatta
  • Married DANIEL COX: 4 September 1826, St. John’s Church, Parramatta. (Note: This marriage took place at St. John’s the same day that ISABELLA LLOYD married DAVID KINLEY aka KENNELLY).
  • Charged with absenting herself and absconding from her new husband (DANIEL COX) with two other male prisoners (THOMAS COOK and WILLIAM WARD) and a female convict (ISABELLA LLOYD): 16 September 1826, Parramatta
  • Sentenced to six months in the Parramatta Female Factory: 20 September 1826
  • Committed to Sydney Gaol for being “An incorrigible runaway from the factory.” Sentenced to “15 days in a Cell and afterwards to revert to her former Situation” : 2 October 1826.
  • Transferred from Sydney Gaol to the Parramatta Female Factory: 24 October 1826
  • Sought and received permission to marry fellow Old Bailey convict, Ticket of Leave man MICHAEL HOLLINGSWORTH (aka HOLLINGWORTH): 17 April 1828, Parramatta
  • Married MICHAEL HOLLINGSWORTH: 28 July 1828, St. John’s Church, Parramatta
  • Residence: Cabramatta, 1828. (c.f. 1828 Census). Husband was working as a fencer for DONALD McLEOD, Cabramatta.
  • Received Certificate of Freedom: 20 January 1834

Relationships

  • Wife of DANIEL COX, Old Bailey convict transported for 14 years per Asia I (1) (1820) who was attached to the Windsor Road Gang
  • Wife of MICHAEL HOLLINGSWORTH, Old Bailey convict transported for life per Isabella I (1) (1818), of the parish of Cabramatta
  • Partner in crime: MARY ANN JOHNSON
  • Shipmate and partner in crime: ISABELLA LLOYD, per Grenada (3) (1825)
  • Partner in crime: MARGARET DONNELLY
  • Partner in crime: ELEANOR O’BIRNE
  • Partner in crime: MARY ANN SMITH

Law Reports


Description

  • Height: 5 feet 1 inch
  • Complexion: Fair, freckled
  • Hair: Brown
  • Eyes: Grey
  • General Remarks: “Well, but quarrelsome” according to ALEXANDER ANDERSON, the master of the Grenada (3) (1825).

Occupation

  • Washer-woman
  • Servant

Religion

  • Catholic (c.f. 1828 Census)

Sources

  • Colonial Office and Predecessors: Alphabetical list of convicts with particulars 1788-1825; 1840-1842, The National Archives Microfilm Publication CO 207/9, (The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England).
  • Home Office, Settlers and Convicts, New South Wales and Tasmania, The National Archives Microfilm Publication HO10, Pieces 21-28, (The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England).
  • New South Wales Government, Butts of Certificates of Freedom, NRS 1165, 1166, 1167, 12208, 12210, Reels 601, 602, 604, 982-1027, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales).
  • New South Wales Government, Entrance books [Sydney Gaol], Series 2514, State Records Reels 850-853, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • New South Wales Government, Registers of convicts’ applications to marry, Series 12212, Item: 4/4508. (Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia: State Records Authority of New South Wales).
  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0), 12 April 1820, trial of DANIEL COX and others (t18200412-86), accessed 29 September 2018.
  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0), 3 December 1823, trial of JOHANNA LAWSON and MARY ANN JOHNSON (t18231203-172), accessed 20 June 2017.
  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0), 21 May 1817, trial of MICHAEL HOLLINGSWORTH (t18170521-137), accessed 20 June 2017.
  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0), 29 October 1817, trial of MICHAEL HOLLINGSWORTH (t18171029-3), accessed 20 June 2017.
  • Parish Marriage Registers, Textual records, St. John’s Anglican Church Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1), Daniel Cox Life Archive (ID: obpt18200412-86-defend784), accessed 29 September 2018.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1), Johanna Lawson Life Archive (ID: obpt18231203-172-defend1531), accessed 29 September 2018.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1), Mary Ann Johnson Life Archive (ID: obpt18231203-172-defend1533), accessed 29 September 2018.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1), Michael Hollingsworth Life Archive (ID: obpt18171029-3-defend64), accessed 29 September 2018.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1), Michael Hollingsworth Life Archive (ID: obpt18170521-137-defend814), accessed 29 September 2018.

Lists

# Convict

# Trial place: Old Bailey

# Punishment: Seven Years Transportation

# Ship: Grenada (3) (1825)

# Parramatta Female Factory

# Repeat Offender

# Year: 1826