Jane Wilson (c.1800-1835)

Convict woman transported per Lord Wellington (1820) for the crime of uttering, later incarcerated in the Parramatta Female Factory. Elizabeth Miller and Elizabeth’s five-year-old daughter, Rebecca, were Wilson’s cellmates at the Surrey County Gaol while they were awaiting transportation to the Colony of New South Wales.


Names

  • Alternate: Jane Quinland (married name)
  • Alias: Charlotte Quinland
  • Alternate: Charlotte Foley

Relationships

  • Spouse of William Quinland, convict per Lord Eldon (1817)
  • Spouse of Joseph Foley, convict per Guildford (5) (1822)
  • Cellmate of Elizabeth Miller at Surrey County Gaol, Horsemonger Lane, England

Timeline

  • Born: c.1800, England
  • Arrested: < 27 May 1818, London, England. Crime: “uttering 1 forged note at £1 pound each and having two others taken out of her mouth.”
  • Order for her prosecution by the Bank of England Committee of Law Suits: 27 May 1818. “Ordered that…Jane Wilson be prosecuted, with liberty to plead guilt to the minor offence.”
  • On Trial: Crime: uttering. Date and Place of Trial: 6 August 1818, Surrey Summer Assizes
  • Sentenced: 14 years transportation
  • Held in Surrey County Gaol, Horsemonger Lane with fellow utterer Elizabeth Miller and Miller’s five-year-old daughter Rebecca.
  • Requested assistance from the Bank of England during incarceration: 17 November 1818
  • Petition for Relief denied by the Bank of England: 19 November 1818. (The petition of Elizabeth Miller, however, was granted).
  • Petitioned the Bank of England a second time for relief: “in a wretched condition having parted with all her Clothes for subsistence, – praying relief.”
  • Bank of England grants relief: “Committee ordered that Mr. Kaye be authorised to pay £2 to the Gaoler to be applied for her benefit.”
  • Transported per Lord Wellington: May 1819
  • Arrived per Lord Wellington: 20 January 1820
  • Incarcerated at the Parramatta Female Factory for 6 months: 21 August 1821. [see Year: 1821]
  • Married William Quinland: 4 March 1822, St. John’s Church, Parramatta
  • Resident at the Parramatta Female Factory: November 1828 (recorded as “Charlotte Quinland” in the 1828 Census)
  • Permission to marry a second convict, Joseph Foley, rejected: 6 May 1829. “Not allowed. No such name as Quinland in the indents of the Lord Wellington.”
  • Married convict Joseph Foley: 18 May 1829, St. John’s Church, Parramatta
  • Died: 1835, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (recorded as “Charlotte Foley”)

Related Content

Elizabeth Bennett: The Baker’s Wife (2017)

By Michaela Ann Cameron

Abstract: Elizabeth Bennett was a baker’s wife and matriarch of an eminent Parramatta family in the second quarter of the nineteenth century. Her early years, however, were far from respectable. Her story begins in Lambeth where she was apprehended for a crime known as “uttering.” Sentenced to 14 years transportation on the ill-famed convict ship “Janus” with her young child on board, her first stop on arrival in 1820 was the Parramatta Female Factory’s first incarnation the “Factory Above the Gaol.” Read more >>


Multimedia


Sources

  • Bank of England Committee for Law Suits Minutes, 1818, Book 2, (London: Bank of England, 1818), pp.141-2, http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/archive/Documents/archivedocs/commlawsuits/18161825/cls0705181827081818b2.pdf, accessed 20 August 2014
  • Bank of England Committee for Law Suits Minutes 1818–19, Book 1 (London: Bank of England) pp.67–8, http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/archive/Documents/archivedocs/commlawsuits/18161825/cls0309181828011819b1.pdf, accessed 20 August 2014
  • Bank of England Committee for Law Suits Minutes, 1818–1819, Book 1 (London: Bank of England, 21 January 1819), p.120, http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/archive/Pages/digitalcontent/archivedocs/commlawsuits/commlawsuits.aspx, accessed 20 August 2014
  • Home Office: Convict Transportation Registers; HO11, Piece 3, (The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England).
  • Home Office: Criminal Registers, Middlesex and Home Office: Criminal Registers, England and Wales; Series HO 27, Piece 16, p.1247, (The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England).
  • Home Office: Settlers and Convicts, New South Wales and Tasmania, HO10, Piece 36, (The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England).
  • New South Wales Government, 1828 Census: Householders’ Returns [Population and Statistics, Musters and Census Records, Census, Colonial Secretary], Series 1273, Reels 2551-2552, 2506-2507, State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia.
  • New South Wales Government, Registers of convicts’ applications to marry, Series 12212, Item: 4/4511, (Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia: State Records Authority of New South Wales).
  • Parish Marriage Registers, Textual records, St. John’s Anglican Church Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia.
  • ‘Petition of Jane Wilson & Eliz.th Miller, in Horsem. Gaol, for relief,’ Freshfields Papers: Prison Correspondence 1818–1820 (London: Bank of England, 1818), p.126, http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/archive/Documents/archivedocs/freshfields/fpc18181820.pdf, accessed 20 August 2014

Lists

# Convict

# Sentence: 14 Years Transportation

# Ship: Lord Wellington (1820)

# Year: 1828

# Second Female Factory