Jane Smith

JANE SMITH was a convict who was tried and convicted at the Old Bailey, London, England in 1813 and sentenced to transportation per Wanstead (1814). On arrival in the colony, she was sent to the first Parramatta Female Factory, i.e. the Factory Above the Gaol, which was located at present-day Prince Alfred Square, Parramatta, including land now occupied by the Riverside Theatres.

There were two JANE SMITHs convicted at the Old Bailey, London in 1813 and transported per Wanstead, one for seven years, the other for fourteen. As the sentence is not included on the piece of evidence listing the women transferred from the Wanstead to the Factory in January 1814, it is not clear which JANE SMITH was a Factory inmate on that occasion. Further research may help to disentangle the two women. The JANE SMITH who was tried on 17 February 1813 at the Old Bailey was the accomplice of another Wanstead convict who was forwarded to the Factory on arrival: MARY WHITE.


  • Tried and convicted: 1813, Old Bailey, London, England
  • Sentenced to transportation: 1813, Old Bailey, London, England
  • Sailed to the colony of New South Wales per Wanstead: 24 August 1813, Spithead, England
  • Arrived in the colony of New South Wales per Wanstead: 9 January 1814, Port Jackson, New South Wales
  • Forwarded to the first Parramatta Female Factory, the Factory Above the Gaol: 13 January 1814, Factory Above the Gaol, (present-day Prince Alfred Square, Parramatta)


  • Possible partner in crime: MARY WHITE (if this JANE SMITH was the one convicted on 17 February 1813 and not the other JANE SMITH)

Law Reports


Factory Above the Gaol, First Parramatta Female Factory, Parramatta, 1809, early nineteenth century, New South Wales, Female Factory Online, Prince Alfred Square
CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE. The Factory Above the Gaol, Parramatta’s first Female Factory, is on the far right of this image near the old gaol bridge, on the present-day site of Lennox Bridge, Riverside Theatres and Prince Alfred Square. “A view of part of Parramatta Port Jackson, [1809?],” in Series 01: Australian paintings by J.W. Lewin, G.P. Harris, G.W. Evans and others, 1796-1809 [32 watercolours], Vol. 3. Courtesy of Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales. PXD 388 / FL1152086.



# Convict

# Trial Place: Old Bailey

# Ship: Wanstead (1814)

# Factory Above the Gaol

This profile is a stub. Further information will be added in due course.