Jane Humphries (1806–)

JANE HUMPHRIES was a convict woman who was tried and convicted alongside accomplice MARY KEMPSHAW at the Old Bailey, London on 8 July 1830 and sentenced to seven years transportation per Earl of Liverpool (1831). She had already been tried at the Old Bailey the previous year alongside her husband, WILLIAM HUMPHRIES, and his friend HENRY PHILLIPS. Though JANE had been found innocent of that particular crime, her husband and HENRY were both given death sentences which were, following their petitions, commuted to transportation for life. It may well be that JANE deliberately got herself arrested and convicted of a transportation-worthy crime in order to be reunited with her husband.

JANE’s daughter ELIZABETH HUMPHRIES died at the Parramatta Female Factory in 1834 and was buried in an unmarked grave in the parish of St. John’s, Parramatta, exact location unknown. If ELIZABETH’s age reported at death was accurate, then it seems WILLIAM HUMPHRIES was not the father of the child. However, ages recorded in the St. John’s burial register were not particularly accurate at times, so this may have been WILLIAM’s child after all.


Timeline

  • Born: c. 1806, Leicestershire, England
  • Allegedly broke into a house with her husband WILLIAM HUMPHRIES and HENRY PHILLIPS and stealing various items: 9 May 1829, St. Marylebone
  • JANE, her husband WILLIAM, and HENRY PHILLIPS tried: 11 June 1829, Old Bailey, London, England
  • WILLIAM AND HENRY sentenced to death and JANE found not guilty: 11 June 1829, Old Bailey, London, England
  • WILLIAM and HENRY’s death sentences commuted to transportation for life: 16 July 1829
  • JANE’s husband WILLIAM HUMPHRIES sailed to the colony of New South Wales per Dunvegan Castle (1): 30 September 1829, Sheerness, England
  • WILLIAM arrived in the colony of New South Wales per Dunvegan Castle (1): 30 March 1830, Port Jackson, New South Wales
  • JANE allegedly stole a number of items with accomplice MARY KEMPSHAW: 15 June 1830, Eyre Arms tavern, St. John’s Wood, north-west London, England
  • Tried and convicted for stealing various items: 8 July 1830, Old Bailey, London, England
  • Sentenced to seven years transportation while MARY KEMPSHAW was sentenced to be confined for one month: July 1830, Old Bailey, London, England
  • Sailed to the colony of New South Wales per Earl of Liverpool: 3 December 1830, London, England
  • Arrived in the colony of New South Wales per Earl of Liverpool: 5 April 1831, Port Jackson, New South Wales
  • Daughter ELIZABETH HUMPHRIES born: c. November 1831
  • Daughter ELIZABETH HUMPHRIES died: c. 8 January 1834, Parramatta Female Factory
  • Daughter ELIZABETH HUMPHRIES buried: 8 January 1834, St. John’s Parish, Parramatta
  • Received Ticket of Leave: 9 March 1836
  • Received Certificate of Freedom: 17 July 1837

Law Reports


Occupation

  • Servant

Relationships

  • Wife of WILLIAM HUMPHRIES, convict per Dunvegan Castle (1) (1830)
  • Partner in Crime: MARY KEMPSHAW
  • Mother of ELIZABETH HUMPHRIES

Description

  • Height: 5 feet 0¼ inches
  • Complexion: Ruddy
  • Hair: Brown
  • Eyes: Hazel
  • Remarks: “W. Humphries I loved dear, J. Story, WH WH,” and other marks on left arm. Husband WILLIAM HUMPHRIES here, per Dunvegan Castle.
  • Education: Could read but not write
  • Marital status: Married
  • Prior convictions: none, but she had been tried and found not guilty previously for breaking and entering alongside her husband, who was convicted of the crime.

Religion

  • Protestant

Prisoner’s Number

  • No. 31/151

Sources

  • Home Office, Settlers and Convicts, New South Wales and Tasmania, HO 10, Piece: 31, (The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England).
  • New South Wales Government, Bound manuscript indents, 1788–1842, Series: NRS 12188, Item: [4/4016], Microfiche: 678, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • New South Wales Government,  Annotated printed indents (i.e., office copies),  Series: NRS 12189, Item: [X633]; Microfiche: 698, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • New South Wales Government, Butts of Certificates of Freedom, NRS 1165, 1166, 1167, 12208, 12210, Reels 601, 602, 604, 982-1027, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales).
  • New South Wales Government, Ticket of Leave butts, 31 Mar 1827–20 Aug 1867, Series: NRS 12202; Item: [4/4102], (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales).
  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0), 8 July 1830, trial of JANE HUMPHRIES and MARY KEMPSHAW (t18300708-193), accessed 30 November 2018.
  • Parish Burial Registers, Textual Records, St. John’s Anglican Church Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1), Jane Humphries Life Archive (ID: obpt18300708-193-defend1267), accessed 30 November 2018.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1), William Humphries Life Archive (ID: obpt18290611-161-defend1246), accessed 30 November 2018.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1), Henry Phillips Life Archive (ID: obpt18290611-161-defend1250), accessed 30 November 2018.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1), Mary Kempshaw Life Archive (ID: obpt18300708-193-defend1269), accessed 30 November 2018.

Lists

# Convict

# English

# Trial Place: Old Bailey

# Punishment: Seven Years Transportation

# Ship: Earl of Liverpool (1831)

# Parramatta Female Factory