JANE APPLEYARD was an English convict who was tried and convicted at the York Quarter Sessions on 17 October 1834 and sentenced to seven years transportation per Mary III (5) (1835). In the colony she was incarcerated at the Parramatta Female Factory where she gave birth to THOMAS APPLEYARD. [Note: Convict recorded on child’s baptism entry only as “APPLEYARD.” However, it seems JANE APPLEYARD was the only female convict with that surname in New South Wales at the time].
When JANE APPLEYARD was sentenced to twelve months imprisonment and hard labour for forging an order in 1840, she had another child in the Factory, named ROSE APPLEYARD. ROSE died in the Factory, aged twelve months.
- Born: 1816, York, England
- Sailed to the colony of New South Wales per Mary III (5): 16 April 1835, London
- Arrived in the colony of New South Wales per Mary III (5): 6 September 1835, Port Jackson, New South Wales
- Sentenced to the second class of the Parramatta Female Factory, probably because she was pregnant: 31 December 1836
- Son THOMAS APPLEYARD born: 27 May 1837, likely at the lying-in hospital, Parramatta Female Factory
- Son THOMAS APPLEYARD baptised: 2 July 1837, St. John’s Parish, Parramatta
- Assigned to the Police Magistrate of Yass, New South Wales
- Committed to gaol for forging an order to “obtain goods by false pretences”: 3 June 1840, Goulburn, New South Wales
- Tried and convicted for “obtaining goods by false pretences”: 24 July 1840, Central Criminal Court, Sydney, New South Wales
- Sentenced to 12 calendar months imprisonment and hard labor in Factory with the first week in each of last 3 months in solitary confinement: 24 July 1840, Central Criminal Court, Sydney, New South Wales
- Transferred to the Parramatta Female Factory
- Daughter ROSE APPLEYARD born: c. mid-1840
- Daughter ROSE APPLEYARD died: c. 27 June 1841, Parramatta Female Factory
- Daughter ROSE APPLEYARD buried: 27 June 1841, St. John’s Parish, Parramatta
- Received Certificate of Freedom: 26 July 1843
- Height: 5 feet and 2 ½ inches
- Complexion: Ruddy
- Hair: Brown
- Eyes: Hazel
- General Remarks: Three small moles right cheek. Nose a little cocked. Scar inside ball of left thumb.
- New South Wales Government, Benches of Magistrates: monthly returns of trials of convicts 1832–6, Series: NRS 12214, Reel: 662 (State Records Authority of New South Wales; Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
- New South Wales Government, Butts of Certificates of Freedom, NRS 1165, 1166, 1167, 12208, 12210, Reels 601, 602, 604, 982-1027, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales)
- New South Wales Government, Clerk of the Peace: Register of criminal cases tried at country Quarter Sessions: Windsor: 1859-1877, Campbelltown: 1839-1843, 1859-1869 Berrima: 1840-1846, 1869-1875, Goulburn: 1853-1859, Bathurst: 1854-1858, Wollongong: 1861-1869, Series: 848, Reel: 2758, (State Records Authority of New South Wales; Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
- Parish Baptism Registers, Textual Records, St. John’s Anglican Church Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia.
- “BERRIMA, The Colonist (Sydney, NSW : 1835 – 1840), Saturday 5 September 1840, p. 2.
- “BERRIMA,” The Sydney Herald (NSW : 1831 – 1842), Wednesday 29 July 1840, p. 2.
- “POLICE MONDAY, JAN. 2 1837,” The Sydney Monitor (NSW : 1828 – 1838), Wednesday 4 January 1837, p. 2.
- “Country News,” The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW : 1838 – 1841), Thursday 30 July 1840, p. 2.
- “Marulan,” The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW : 1838 – 1841), Friday 4 September 1840, p. 2.
# Trial Place: York Quarter Sessions
# Punishment: Seven Years Transportation
# Ship: Mary III (5) (1835)
# Parramatta Female Factory
# Repeat Offender