Elizabeth Verloppe (c1821–1874)

ELIZABETH VERLOPPE was a slave in the Grand Port District of Isle de France (Mauritius) and just twelve years old when she was convicted alongside her cousin CONSTANCE COURONNE and sentenced to transportation for life on 24 September 1833 at Port Louis. Both girls had been found guilty of attempting to poison a woman named MADAME MOREL by administering a “white powder” in her afternoon tea. Like many other VERLOPPES, ELIZABETH was owned by a widow named Mrs. GEFFROY, but had been loaned out to MOREL along with CONSTANCE so the two girls could learn needlework.

CONSTANCE confessed to administering the white powder, which ELIZABETH served to their mistress. The court would later argue that the girls did so believing they were giving the woman a fatal dose of arsenic, even though the powder was only an emetic that caused “dizziness, a violent headache, palpitations” and vomiting, from which MOREL of course recovered.

The two girls were imprisoned for over a year before they were transported per the brig Dart (1834); the same vessel that had brought fellow Mauritians JOSEPHINE MERCELIN, LOUIS MERCELIN, and PAUL NANINE to the colony six months earlier. The Dart arrived in Sydney on 10 July 1834, after which both girls were forwarded to the Parramatta Female Factory. They were there only two months before First Police Magistrate HENRY WILSON applied for them to become servants at his Miller’s Point residence. ELIZABETH became lady’s maid to WILSON’s eldest daughter ELIZABETH WILSON, while CONSTANCE became lady’s maid to MARCIA WILSON.

In 1840, ELIZABETH married JEAN LARIMIE, a muleteer and fellow Mauritian who had come to the colony as a free man but was most likely also a Creole of mixed race. She would wait four years longer for a pardon than CONSTANCE. In other ways, too, ELIZABETH’s fortune was comparatively less favourable; only three of her six children survived infancy, by age 36, ELIZABETH was a widow and, unlike her long-living cousin, she died at Woolloomooloo at 53 years old.


Names

  • Alternate: ZABETH
  • Alternate: ELISABETH VERLOPPE
  • Married name: ELIZABETH LARIMIE
  • Alternate: ELIZABETH LARAMIE

Relationships

  • Daughter of NEREUS VERLOPPE (Mauritian slave)
  • Daughter of unnamed VERLOPPE (Mauritian slave woman, owned by the GEFFROY family)
  • Sister of unnamed VERLOPPE (Mauritian slave)
  • Sister of unnamed VERLOPPE (Mauritian slave)
  • Sister of unnamed VERLOPPE (Mauritian slave)
  • Niece of ADELE COURONNE (Mauritian slave, owned by MARIE JULIE MELANIE DEVILLE LASABLONIÈRE)
  • Cousin and partner in crime of CONSTANCE COURONNE
  • Convict servant of HENRY WILSON (First Police Magistrate)
  • Lady’s Maid of ELIZABETH WILSON
  • Wife of JEAN LARIMIE (d. 1861, free man, from Isle de France, likely Creole)
  • Mother of JULIA MARCIA LAVINIA LARIMIE (b. 1841)
  • Mother of FRANCIS J. LARIMIE (b. 1843)
  • Mother of JOSEPH LARIMIE (1845–1846)
  • Mother of JOSEPHINE LARIMIE (1847–1850)
  • Mother of PROSPER LARIMIE (1849–1850)
  • Mother of GEORGE J. LARIMIE (b. 1856)

Religion

  • Catholic (c.f. Convict Indents)

Occupation

  • Laundress
  • Needlewoman

Description

  • Height: 4 feet 9 inches
  • Hair: Black
  • Eyes: Black
  • Distinguishing features: “Nose broad” (c.f. Convict Indents)
  • Complexion: Black
  • Education: None (could neither read nor write)

Related Content

Letter of complaint written by the Widow Morel, a dressmaker, on 15th May 1832

Sir,

I would like to inform you that a crime was committed against my child and myself last Friday, 11th May, by two young negresses, one owned by Mr La Sabloniere, the other by Madame Geffroy. They were then at my house attending lessons in dressmaking. Here are the facts. At approximately 3pm I gave my child a cup of tea and asked for one myself. I found it had a strange taste and informed the named Zabeth of it. She had presented me with the cup. She replied that she did not know what it could be but suggested that perhaps the pot had not been very clean. I was satisfied with this explanation but ten minutes later I was suffering from a violent headache, dizziness and palpitations. I collapsed on my bed and was afraid that I was going to have a stroke. I was given some “Eau de Cologne” and at this moment I started to vomit. At this moment also, my child aged three, cried out that he was about to vomit too. As a matter of fact he was soon as sick as me. By this time I had an idea that the beverage contained something bad. I told so to Zabeth who had given it to me and to one of my negresses who had made it. This negress, named Belise reminded me at once that I had drunk two cups of the beverage in the morning and that I didn’t experience any discomfort. Zabeth claimed again that it must have been the pot which had not been cleaned properly. I gave myself and my child some “Ayapana” which had been prepared for a dressing. Soon we became so ill that I sent for Mr Cox, the doctor. He found us very sick. Later I had a talk to Belise who had prepared the beverage and I told her that she had been negligent and that she had probably put something bad in it and that if we had died she would have been responsible. She repeated her previous statement, adding to it that she was sure that all the ingredients used in it were good. Then turning towards Zabeth, maintained that it was not so. Then, continues the other, we will see who could have done harm to Madame. I insisted on accusing them both of negligence. The next day at approximately 8 o’clock Mr Cox came to see us. He found us much better and had dinner with us. The meal was nearly over when Belise entered the room. “Well,” she said, “You have accused me Madame, however, Constance, the young negress from Mr de la Sabloniere, has just been kneeling at my feet admitting that she did put some powder in your tea but pleaded with me not to say anything. She confided in me because Helene had seen her pouring the powder into the beverage and had threatened to come and tell you if Constance herself did not come to tell you.” I was so shocked that I could not ask any questions. I told the negress to go and talk to Mr Cox. He then asked the negresses to come to him and he interrogated them separately. Constance admitted that she had used the powder contained in a small flask and knew that it was arsenic because Madame, having one day given it to her, had taken it back immediately telling her that she feared her orders would not be followed precisely and that she could poison herself. The flask was then brought in and Constance recognized it. It was an emetic. Asked if she had any accomplices she admitted that the idea was hers and that she only had told Zabeth about it and had asked her if she should use this arsenic. She was told yes, adding that after I died they could go back to their Quarters and wouldn’t need to learn to work any more. Helene, a child of seven, told us she had heard this conversation between Constance and Zabeth and she had seen the first pour some powder in the palm of her hand in a large quantity and then ask of Zabeth if it was enough of it. She replied, “Yes.” Then she threw it in the pot. Zabeth then admitted to charges laid against her. The young negresses were put under surveillance whilst I informed Madame Geffroy of the facts. After two hours Constance accused Zabeth of having started it all of her own accord by putting in my tea, every day, sometimes urine, sometimes saliva. Then she said she heard four months ago Belise tell one of her friends that she was leaving and that on her return she would find “Her” dead. Constance assured me that Belise was talking about me. I have no suspicion against this negress and do not believe this accusation which I believe came from a desire for vengeance. However, as I do not understand the mentality of these people, especially in these terrible circumstances, I beg you, Sir, to come and take Belise away. Strong reasons force me to act in this manner as I have seen my daughter being taken from me five months ago. Never has a death been more cruel or more extraordinary. I beg pardon for daring to suspect that the crime of these two young negresses was committed in cold blood. I ask that the investigation be complete and thorough as to discover the truth.

I am, Sir, Your Servant,

(Signed) Widow Morel.

[Source: Transcription of uncited primary source WikiTree]


Multimedia


Sources

Primary Sources

  • National Archives of Mauritius, Coromandel Court of Assizes Trial Records, JB Series (NAM) JB 254/249, Elisabeth Verloppe and Constance Couronne.
  • National Archives of Mauritius, Secretariat, NAM, RA 663, the humble petition of Nereus Verloppe, 4 June 1841.
  • National Archives of Mauritius, Secretariat, NAM, RA 693, letter from Henry C. Wilson to the governor of the gaol in Port Louis, 18 November 1840.
  • New South Wales Government, Annotated printed indents (i.e., office copies), Series: NRS 12189, Item: [X636]; Microfiche: 711, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • New South Wales Government, Bound manuscript indents, 1788–1842, Series: NRS 12188; Item: [4/4018]; Microfiche: 691, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • New South Wales Government, Musters and other papers relating to convict shipsPapers re convicts from Mauritius (Dart 1834), Series: NRS: 1155; Reel: 2420; Item: 2/8255, pp. 81–86, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • The Colonel,” The Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 – 1848), Tuesday 1 January 1839, p. 3.
  • CORRESPONDENCE: To the Editor of The Australian,” The Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 – 1848), Tuesday 8 January 1839, p. 3.
  • DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE,” The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 – 1842), Thursday 10 January 1839, p. 2.
  • IMPORTS. Reports from the 5th to the 12th Instant, inclusive,” The Sydney General Trade List (NSW : 1834 – 1842). Saturday 12 July 1834, p. 1.
  • DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. THE CONVICT SYSTEM. For the especial reading of the Archbishop of Dublin,” The Sydney Herald (NSW : 1831 – 1842), Monday 14 July 1834, p. 1.
  • MATTER FURNISHED BY OUR Reporters and Correspondents. Police Office,” The Sydney Monitor (NSW : 1828 – 1838), Saturday 12 July 1834p. 2.

Secondary Sources

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  • Richard B. Allen, Slaves, Freedmen and Indentured Laborers in Colonial Mauritius (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).
  • Clare Anderson, Subaltern Lives: Biographies of Colonialism in the Indian Ocean World, 1790–1920 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012).
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  • James Bradley, “The Colonel and the Slave Girls: Life Writing and the Logic of History in 1830s Sydney,” Journal of Social History, Vol. 45, Issue 2 (2011): 416–435.
  • James Bradley and Cassandra Pybus, “From Slavery to Servitude: The Australian Exile of Elizabeth and Constance,” Journal of Australian Colonial History, Vol. 9 (2007): 29–50.
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  • Cassandra Pybus, “Constance Couronne (1824–1891),” Edges of Empire Biographical Dictionary, (2016), https://www.eoe.convictwomenspress.com.au/index.php/12-biographical-dictionary/c/41-couronne-constance, accessed 3 February 2019.
  • Cassandra Pybus, “Elizabeth Verloppe (1821?–1874),” Edges of Empire Biographical Dictionary, (2016), https://www.eoe.convictwomenspress.com.au/index.php/25-biographical-dictionary/u-v/167-verloppe-elizabeth, accessed 3 February 2019.
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Lists

# Slave

# Convict

# Mauritian

# Trial Place: Port Louis (Mauritius)

# Punishment: Transportation for Life

# Ship: Dart (1834)

# Parramatta Female Factory