Elizabeth Starkie (1809–1847)

ELIZABETH STARKIE was convicted alongside SARAH BELL at the Old Bailey for stealing various items of clothing, accessories, cloth, and plates and was sentenced to seven years transportation per Planter (2) (1839). It is difficult to determine the facts of her identity, as her stated relationships to people in her Old Bailey trial as well as the trial of SARAH’S husband JOHN BELL seemed to be all part of the personas she created as part of her criminal activities. Even her name “STARKIE” is the same as JOHN STARKIE, the master who employed her for the five weeks prior to her arrest. At various times she indicates that JOHN STARKIE was her husband and switched from saying he was seeking her out and ill-treating her, to saying that he was dead. An approximately three-month-old child was mentioned during the trial and ELIZABETH indicated it was her baby. The child’s name and gender are never disclosed and it is not clear what happened to it.

In the colony, ELIZABETH STARKIE stated on arrival that she was a widow and was sent to Newcastle. On 1 April 1840 was imprisoned at Scone for 1 month and 14 days in the cells for “concealing pregnancy” and “returned to government.” She was sent ‘”to Sydney for Factory Parr[amatta]” on 17 April 1840 where she gave birth to daughter ELIZA STARKIE.


Names

  • Alias: ANN BELL
  • Alias: MARY BELL
  • Maiden name: ELIZABETH BELL (possibly)
  • Alternate: ELIZABETH STARKEY (c.f. gaol admission, Scone, April 1840)
  • Alternate: ELIZABETH STACKAY (c.f. daughter’s baptism record)
  • Married name: ELIZABETH HOOPER

Timeline

  • Born: c. 1809, Nottinghamshire, England
  • Tried and convicted of stealing: 2 April 1838, Old Bailey, London
  • Sentenced to seven years transportation: 2 April 1838, Old Bailey, London
  • Sailed for the Colony of New South Wales per Planter (2): 10 November 1838
  • Arrived in the Colony of New South Wales per Planter (2): 9 March 1839
  • Sentenced to be imprisoned for 1 month and 14 days in the cells for “concealing pregnancy”: Scone, New South Wales, 1 April 1840
  • Transferred to Parramatta Female Factory: Scone, New South Wales, 17 April 1840
  • Daughter, ELIZA STARKIE, born: lying-in hospital, Parramatta Female Factory, 5 June 1840
  • Daughter, ELIZA STARKIE, baptised: 10 June 1840, St. John’s Church, Parramatta
  • Sought permission to marry fellow convict WILLIAM BANSTON (aka WILLIAM BAIRSTON) per Albion (2) (1827): 24 February, 1841, Campbelltown. Application refused, as on arrival in the colony BANSTON stated he was married.
  • Sought permission to marry fellow convict CHARLES HOOPER per Burrell (1) (1830): Campbelltown, 11 January 1842. Disallowed, the consent of the assignee of STARKIE being required.
  • Sought permission a second time to marry CHARLES HOOPER: Granted at Campbelltown, 29 January 1842.
  • Married CHARLES HOOPER (I): St. Peter’s Church, Campbelltown, 6 February 1842
  • Son CHARLES HOOPER (II) born: 18 December 1842
  • Son GEORGE HOOPER born: 1845
  • Received Certificate of Freedom: Campbelltown, 31 May 1845
  • Died: 20 December 1847, Camden, Oaks, Picton, Stonequarry New South Wales

Relationships

  • Mother of unnamed child (c.f. Old Bailey court proceedings)
  • Mother of ELIZA STARKIE
  • Wife of CHARLES HOOPER (I), convict per Burrell (1) (1830)
  • Mother of CHARLES HOOPER (II)
  • Mother of GEORGE HOOPER

Description

  • Height: 5 feet 3.5 inches
  • Complexion: Dark Sallow
  • Hair: Dark Brown
  • General Remarks: Lost three front teeth upper jaw, nose cocked, small mole on left side of same. Scar on back of right wrist, scar on left thumb.

Occupation

  • Chambermaid
  • Housemaid
  • Cook

Multimedia

The lying-in hospital, Parramatta Female Factory, viewed from where the original main barrack building of the factory once stood. Photo: Michaela Ann Cameron (2014)
The lying-in hospital, Parramatta Female Factory, viewed from where the original main barrack building of the factory once stood. Photo: Michaela Ann Cameron (2014)

Sources

  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1) Elizabeth Starkie Life Archive (ID obpdef1-1081-18380402), accessed 23 September 2018.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1) John Bell Life Archive (ID: obpdef1-1139-18380514), accessed 23 September 2018.
  • Home Office: Criminal Registers, Middlesex and Home Office: Criminal Registers, England and Wales; Records created or inherited by the Home Office, Ministry of Home Security, and related bodies, Series HO 26 and HO 27. The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England
  • New South Wales Government, Butts of Certificates of Freedom. NRS 1165, 1166, 1167, 12208, 12210, Reels 601, 602, 604, 982-1027, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales).
  • New South Wales Government, Index to Entrance and Description book [Newcastle Gaol], Reel 2367, (State Records Authority of New South Wales. Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • Registers of convicts’ applications to marry. Series 12212, Item: 4/4513; Page: 74. (State Records Authority of New South Wales. Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0), 2 April 1838, trial of ELIZABETH STARKIE and SARAH BELL, alias Starkie (t18380402-1081), accessed 23 September 2018.
  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0), 14 May 1838, trial of JOHN BELL (t18380514-1139), accessed 23 September 2018.
  • Parish Baptism Registers, Textual Records, St. John’s Anglican Church Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia.

Note: This profile is a stub. More information will be added in due course.