Elizabeth Phipps (1792–)

ELIZABETH PHIPPS was a convict who was tried at the Old Bailey, London on 16 September 1812 alongside two men, JAMES WESTBROOK and SAMUEL WESTBROOK and her mother, SUSANNAH PHIPPS. JAMES and ELIZABETH were both found guilty and sentenced to death while SAMUEL and SUSANNAH were acquitted. On 9 December 1812 both death sentences were commuted to transportation for life.

ELIZABETH sailed to New South Wales on board convict transport Wanstead (1814). On arrival in the colony, she was sent to the first Parramatta Female Factory, i.e. the Factory Above the Gaol, which was located at present-day Prince Alfred Square, Parramatta, including land now occupied by the Riverside Theatres.


  • Born: 1792
  • Tried alongside JAMES WESTBROOK, SAMUEL WESTBROOK and her mother SUSANNAH PHIPPS: 16 September 1812, Old Bailey, London, England
  • SAMUEL and SUSANNAH were acquitted of the charges, but JAMES and ELIZABETH were sentenced to death: 16 September 1812, Old Bailey, London, England
  • Death sentences commuted to transportation for life: 9 December 1812, Old Bailey, London, England
  • ELIZABETH sailed to the colony of New South Wales per Wanstead: 24 August 1813, Spithead, England
  • ELIZABETH arrived in the colony of New South Wales per Wanstead: 9 January 1814, Port Jackson, New South Wales
  • ELIZABETH forwarded to the first Parramatta Female Factory, the Factory Above the Gaol: 13 January 1814, Factory Above the Gaol, (present-day Prince Alfred Square, Parramatta)


  • Partner in crime: JAMES WESTBROOK
  • Co-accused: SAMUEL WESTBROOK
  • Daughter of SUSANNAH WESTBROOK (co-accused)

Law Reports


Factory Above the Gaol, First Parramatta Female Factory, Parramatta, 1809, early nineteenth century, New South Wales, Female Factory Online, Prince Alfred Square
CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE. The Factory Above the Gaol, Parramatta’s first Female Factory, is on the far right of this image near the old gaol bridge, on the present-day site of Lennox Bridge, Riverside Theatres and Prince Alfred Square. “A view of part of Parramatta Port Jackson, [1809?],” in Series 01: Australian paintings by J.W. Lewin, G.P. Harris, G.W. Evans and others, 1796-1809 [32 watercolours], Vol. 3. Courtesy of Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales. PXD 388 / FL1152086.



# Convict

# Trial Place: Old Bailey

# Sentence: Death (commuted)

# Punishment: Transportation for Life

# Ship: Wanstead (1814)

# Factory Above the Gaol

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