Elizabeth Hobley

ELIZABETH HOBLEY was a convict woman who was tried and convicted at the Somerset Assizes on 1 August 1812 and sentenced to seven years transportation per Wanstead (1814).

In the colony in 1817, ELIZABETH was recorded as being “employed in the Factory”—i.e. the first Parramatta Female Factory, i.e. the Factory Above the Gaol, which was located at present-day Prince Alfred Square, Parramatta—when she requested permission to marry ticket of leave convict THOMAS ASHFORD transported for life per Coromandel I (2) (1804).


  • Tried and convicted: 1 August 1812, Somerset Assizes, Somerset, England
  • Sentenced to seven years transportation: 1812, Somerset, England
  • Sailed to the colony of New South Wales per Wanstead: 24 August 1813, Spithead, England
  • Arrived in the colony of New South Wales per Wanstead: 9 January 1814, Port Jackson, New South Wales
  • Employed at the first Parramatta Female Factory: < August 1817, Factory Above the Gaol
  • Requested permission to marry THOMAS ASHFORD, ticket of leave convict per Coromandel I (2) (1804): 4 August 1817.


  • Wife of THOMAS ASHFORD, convict per Coromandel I (2) (1804)


Factory Above the Gaol, First Parramatta Female Factory, Parramatta, 1809, early nineteenth century, New South Wales, Female Factory Online, Prince Alfred Square
CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE. The Factory Above the Gaol, Parramatta’s first Female Factory, is on the far right of this image near the old gaol bridge, on the present-day site of Lennox Bridge, Riverside Theatres and Prince Alfred Square. “A view of part of Parramatta Port Jackson, [1809?],” in Series 01: Australian paintings by J.W. Lewin, G.P. Harris, G.W. Evans and others, 1796-1809 [32 watercolours], Vol. 3. Courtesy of Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales. PXD 388 / FL1152086.


  • New South Wales Government, Copies of letters sent within the Colony, Series 937, Reels 6004-6016, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0), 13 January 1802, trial of THOMAS ASHFORD (t18020113-81), accessed 12 December 2018.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, Version 1.1), Thomas Ashford Life Archive (ID: obpt18020113-81-defend799), accessed 12 December 2018.


# Convict

# Trial Place: Somerset Assizes

# Punishment: Seven Years Transportation

# Ship: Wanstead (1814)

# Factory Above the Gaol

This profile is a stub. Further information will be added in due course.