Catherine Gallagher (1806–)

CATHERINE GALLAGHER was an Irish convict who was tried and convicted in County Londonderry, Ireland in 1832 for stealing money. She was sentenced to seven years transportation per Caroline (1833). Also on board was her child ELIZA GALLAGHER.

As she arrived in the colony in August 1833 with a child whose age was recorded on arrival as thirteen months old, CATHERINE would not have been immediately assigned but would have been sent with her daughter to the Parramatta Female Factory. ELIZA did not survive long; she died at the Factory around 14 November 1833.




  • Born: c. 1806, County Londonderry, Ireland
  • Tried and convicted for stealing money: March 1832, County Londonderry, Ireland
  • Sentenced to seven years transportation: March 1832, County Londonderry, Ireland
  • Embarked on the Caroline along with another 119 female convicts. In his medical journal, the surgeon GEORGE BERNIE noted, “The convicts when embarked had in general a healthful and clear appearance; and throughout the voyage they kept themselves and their berths in a state of the most perfect cleanness”: 30 March 1832, cove of County Cork, Ireland
  • Admitted for medical treatment on board Caroline  12 April 1832
  • Admitted for medical treatment on board Caroline prior to sailing suffering from “synocha” (obsolete medical term for continuous fever). CATHERINE “Complained this morning of headache and general malaise, tongue furred, skin hot, pulse 80 & strong, bowels have been costive.” Treated with “five grains of Calomel and six grains of Antimonial Powder to be followed by six drams of Sulphate of Magnesia and one cream of tartar,” which she vomited up: 12 April 1832, cove of County Cork, Ireland
  • Condition continued with report of “headache and other febrile symptoms as much as ever.” “To be bled and have the Calomel and Antimonial Powder repeated.” “Thirteen ounces of blood were taken from the [her] arm with manifest relief”: 13 April 1832
  • The Surgeon of the Caroline repeated the Calomel and Antimonial Powder treatment: 14 April 1832
  • Sailed to the colony of New South Wales along with her baby daughter ELIZA GALLAGHER per Caroline: 15 April 1833, County Cork, Ireland
  • The surgeon of the Caroline reported that CATHERINE’s “febrile symptoms have subsided but she is very weak, & complains much of headach[e] caused by the motion of the ship. Her bowels to be regulated with pills composed of blue [illegible] and Rhubarb in the proportion of one grain of the first to six of the latter”: 17 April 1832, at sea on board Caroline.
  • Discharged from medical treatment, cured of “synocha”: 25 April 1832, at sea, on board Caroline.
  • Surgeon reported “She continued to linger on with little alteration in the symptoms until wither the last week when she gradually and steadily improved, and is now tolerably well; the more {?] temperature seems to have done her so much good as any remedy she had taken”: 29 May 1832, at sea on board Caroline.
  • Arrived in the colony of New South Wales along with her baby daughter ELIZA GALLAGHER per Caroline: 6 August 1833, Port Jackson, New South Wales
  • Daughter ELIZA GALLAGHER died: c. 14 November 1833, Parramatta Female Factory
  • Daughter ELIZA GALLAGHER buried: 14 November 1833, St. John’s Parish, Parramatta
  • Committed to gaol: 6 March 1834, Sydney Gaol
  • Transferred to the prison class of the Factory for 52 days: 7 March 1834, Third Class, Parramatta Female Factory.


  • Height: 4 feet and 10¾ inches
  • Complexion: Pale and a little pockpitted
  • Hair: Sandy Brown
  • Eyes: Grey
  • Education: Could read but not write
  • Marital status: Married with one 13-month-old child on board
  • Prior convictions: Seven Years (Pardoned)


  • Maid of all work


  • Protestant


  • George Bernie, Journal of His Majesty’s Convict Ship Caroline between the 1st of March 1833 and 28 August 1833, Reference Number: ADM 101/16/4, Admiralty and predecessors: Office of the Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy and predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines, Coastguard, and related bodies, (The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey).
  • New South Wales Government, Annotated printed indents (i.e., office copies), NRS 12189,  Item: [X635]; Microfiche: 707, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • New South Wales Government, Entrance books [Sydney Gaol], NRS 2514, Reel 852, (State Records Authority of New South Wales. Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • Parish Burial Registers, Textual Records, St. John’s Anglican Church Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia.


# Convict

# Irish

# Punishment: Seven Years Transportation

# Ship: Caroline (1833)

# Parramatta Female Factory