Ann Courtney (1811–)

ANN COURTNEY was an Irish convict woman who was tried and convicted at the Old Bailey, London on 20 February 1834 for house robbery and sentenced to transportation for life per George Hibbert (1834). There were 144 female convicts, 11 free women, and 64 children on board in total. Her daughter ANN COURTNEY (II) may have been one of those 64 children, as the child’s recorded age at death in July 1835 (9 months old) in the St. John’s burial register cannot be corroborated; there is no record of the child’s birth on the ship, nor any evidence that the mother or the child had been examined or administered to by the ship’s surgeon throughout the voyage.

What we do know, however, is that ANN was sent straight from the ship to Sydney Gaol to be forwarded to the first class of the Factory, which was most likely because she either had a child with her or she was pregnant. Her daughter, then, may have been either much older or much younger than nine months old at the time of her death in July 1835.


Names

  • Alternate: ANN COURTMAN
  • Alternate: ANN COURTNAY
  • Alias: ANN RYAN
  • Alias: ANN GREEN

Timeline

  • Born: 1811, County Cork, Ireland
  • Tried and convicted of house robbery: 20 February 1834, Old Bailey, London, England
  • Sentenced to transportation for life: 1834, Old Bailey, London, England
  • Sailed to the colony of New South Wales per George Hibbert: 27 July 1834, Downs
  • Daughter ANN COURTNEY (II) born: c. November 1834 (or later in the colony)
  • Arrived in the colony of New South Wales per George Hibbert: 1 December 1834, Port Jackson, New South Wales
  • Committed to Sydney Gaol: 15 December 1834
  • Sent to the first class of the Parramatta Female Factory: 16 December 1834
  • Daughter ANN COURTNEY (II) died: c. 4 July 1835, with a recorded age of nine months old, Parramatta Female Factory
  • Daughter ANN COURTNEY (II) buried: 4 July 1835, St. John’s Parish, Parramatta
  • Admitted to gaol to await trial: 22 May 1840, Sydney, New South Wales
  • Sent to the Parramatta Female Factory: 29 August 1840
  • Sentenced to twelve months in the Factory for stealing from person: 20 August 1840, Sydney Quarter Sessions
  • Received Ticket of Leave: 25 March 1844
  • Committed to the Police Office alongside THOMAS HICKEY for larceny: 7 August 1844, Police Office, New South Wales, Australia
  • Notice of trial: 14 August 1844
  • Tried, noted as “alias ANN GREEN”: 10 September 1844, Sydney Quarter Sessions. HICKEY was found innocent but ANN COURTNEY was convicted.
  • Sentenced to twelve calendar months imprisonment and hard labour in the Parramatta Female Factory: 10 September 1844
  • Forwarded to the Factory: 16 September 1844, Parramatta Female Factory
  • Ticket of Leave “torn up” for pilfering and sentenced to six months in the third class of Factory for stealing three rings from a hawker named JOEL: 5 April 1846
  • Ticket of Leave restored: 23 December 1847, Bathurst, New South Wales
  • Received conditional pardon: 7 June 1853

Law Reports


Relationships


Occupation

  • Cook
  • Servant
  • Convict

Religion

  • Catholic

Sources

  • Irish Convicts to New South Wales, 1788–1849 (http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/cgi-bin/irish/irish.cgi, 2011), ANN COURTMAN, accessed 19 October 2018.
  • New South Wales Government, Card Index to Letters Received, Colonial Secretary, Reel 1250, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • New South Wales Government, Clerk of the Peace, Index to Quarter Sessions, Criminal Cases, 1839-1888, Series: NRS 846, Reel: 2728, (State Records Authority of New South Wales; Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • New South Wales Government, Entrance books [Sydney Gaol], NRS 2514, Reel 852, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • New South Wales Government, Entrance books [Sydney and Darlinghurst Gaol], NRS 2519, Reel 854, (State Records Authority of New South Wales. Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • New South Wales Government, Indents First Fleet, Second Fleet and Ships, NRS 1150, Microfiche 620–624, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia).
  • New South Wales Government, Quarter Sessions: Sydney: Registers of cases, 1839, 1845, Series: NRS 847, Reel: 2431, (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales).
  • New South Wales Government, Tickets of Leave, 1810–1875, Series: NRS 12202; Item: [4/4188], (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales).
  • New South Wales Government, Tickets of Leave, 1810–1875, Series: NRS 12202; Item: [4/4214], (State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales).
  • THE Tickets of Leave of the undermentioned Prisoners of the Crown have been cancelled,” New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 – 1900), Friday 24 April 1846 [Issue No.33], p. 509.
  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0), 20 February 1834, trial of ANN COURTNEY (t18340220-45), 19 October 2018.
  • Parish Burial Registers, Textual Records, St. John’s Anglican Church Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia.
  • John Tarn, Journal of His Majesty’s Female Convict Ship George Hibbert, John Tarn Surgeon, between the 7 June 1834 and 18 December 1834, Admiralty and predecessors: Office of the Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy and predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines, Coastguard, and related bodies. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1), Ann Courtney Life Archive (ID: obpt18340220-45-defend557) accessed 19 October 2018.
  • SYDNEY COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS,” The Guardian (Sydney, NSW : 1844), Saturday 21 September 1844, p. 223.
  • METROPOLITAN,” The Star (Sydney, NSW : 1845 – 1846), Friday 27 March 1846, p. 1.
  • SYDNEY COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS,” The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 – 1954), Wednesday 18 September 1844, p. 3.
  • Advertising,” The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 – 1954), Saturday 25 April 1846, p. 2.

Lists

# Convict

# Irish

# Trial Place: Old Bailey

# Punishment: Transportation for Life

# Ship: George Hibbert (1834)

# Parramatta Female Factory

# Repeat Offender